Economic Survey 2023: Govt’s Infrastructure Push Sees Improvement In Student-Teacher Ratio

The Economic Survey 2022-23 was tabled in Parliament on January 31, 2023. Apart from shedding light on the overall economic spectrum, the survey highlighted some positive changes in the Indian education sector. Along with an increase in the GER (Gross Enrollment Ratio) of schools and a decline in the dropout rate, the survey also points to the positive results of the government’s push to upgrade school infrastructure and resources.

The Economic Survey 2023 marks the government’s efforts to further improve education infrastructure in schools such as upgradation of infrastructure and digitization, which have been promoted consistently with an emphasis on modern pedagogy. The survey also highlights that improvement in infrastructure facilities in schools in terms of recognized schools and availability of skilled teachers reflect the improvement in student-teacher ratio in schools in FY22.

Moreover, FY22 has seen a steady improvement in terms of availability of essential facilities in the schools. Most government school students now have access to toilets (girls and boys), drinking water and hand washing facilities. In addition, schemes and initiatives such as the Samagra Shiksha Yojana and the Swachh Bharat Mission, which prioritize drinking water and sanitation, have also been helpful in providing essential resources to schools.

Also read: Economic Survey 2023: Increase in school enrollment rate, steady decline in dropouts

Under the Information and Communication Technology (ICT) component of the Samagra Shiksha Yojana, the government facilitates the establishment of smart classrooms and ICT laboratories in schools, which include hardware, educational software and e-content for teaching.

Pupil-teacher ratio, which reflects the availability of teachers in schools, is an essential indicator that is inversely proportional to the improvement in the quality of education. According to the Economic Survey, the student-teacher ratio has been steadily increasing from FY13 to FY22 at all levels: from 34.0 to 26.2 in primary, 23.0 to 19.6 in upper primary, 30.0 to 17.6 in secondary, and 39.0 to 27.1 in higher secondary level.

Strong intention of the Central Government to further improve school infrastructure, increase the number of schools, infrastructure and skilled teachers Poised to further increase school enrollment and reduce the dropout rate Is.

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