According to a recent survey conducted by the National Sample Survey Office (NSSO), nearly one-third of India’s youth, aged between 15-24, are not in education, employment or training. The Multiple Indicator Survey (MIS) conducted during the 78th round of NSSO covered the entire country.
The NSSO survey was initially planned to be conducted during the period January-December, 2020, but due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the fieldwork was extended to August 15, 2021.
The survey revealed that 29.3% of people aged 15-24 were not involved in any form of education or work. However, the NSSO survey found that 34.9% of people aged 15-29 were in formal or non-formal education or training in the 12 months prior to the survey.
MIS also covered other aspects of life in India. It showed that 63.1% of households used clean fuel as the primary source of energy for cooking, but there was a significant difference between rural and urban areas. Only 49.8% of households in rural areas use clean fuel, compared to 92% in urban areas.
The primary source of energy was defined by the NSSO as the source used most of the time, including LPG, natural gas, gobar gas, other biogas, electricity including solar or wind energy, and solar cookers.
In terms of technology usage, the survey found that 72.7% of people aged 18 and older reported excessive use of a mobile phone in the three months prior to the survey.
The MIS also collected data on housing and sanitation. About 10% of households reported having bought or constructed a new house or flat after 31 March 2014, with nearly half of them making their first purchase or construction after that date. The survey also found that 95.7% of people reported improved sources of drinking water, and 98% reported access to improved toilets.
The primary objective of the survey was to collect information on home purchase or construction for residential purposes and migration, along with developing estimates of important Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) indicators.
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